Autor: Santiago J. Fernández Scagliusi
Año: Desde 2002
Artículos de revistas
A Plethysmography Capacitive Sensor for Real-Time Monitoring of Volume Changes in Acute Heart Failure E. Rando, P. Perez, S. Fernandez-Scagliusi, F.J. Medrano, G. Huertas and A. Yufera Journal Paper · IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 70, article 4005912, 2021 resumendoi
A small, wearable, low-weight, and low-power-consumption device for plethysmography capacitive sensing is proposed herein. The device allows carrying out real-time monitoring of leg volume changes in patients suffering from heart failure (HF) conditions. The dynamic of fluid overload in patients with acute HF serves as a prognosis marker for this type of severe disease and, consequently, these patients can benefit from a wearable monitoring system to measure their body volume evolution during and after hospitalization. Our approach is based on contactless capacitive wearable structures implemented by two different sensor realizations located in the ankle: 180°-parallel capacitor plates (two modes of operations are compared, with the patient’s body connected to ground and to the average voltage between plates) and planar-parallel capacitor plates whose overlapped surface varies with the volume of the patient’s leg. Both realizations exhibit good sensitivity to leg volume changes. The acquisition of capacitance values is performed via a simple circuit that achieves notable performance in simulated volume analysis. A preliminary pilot clinical prototype is described as well.